Coastal Bush Lupine

Lupinus arborea – Coastal Bush Lupine

I found this gem growing on the banks near the Point Reyes Lighthouse in Point Reyes National Seashore. In early March, this plant was just beginning to bloom. It was a foggy, misty day and the flowers and foliage were covered with water droplets! Although native to the area, the plant is considered to be invasive and should be planted outside of its natural environment with care.

Lupine foliage

Miniature Lupine

Lupinus bicolor – Miniature Lupine

I found this little gem growing in patches in the hillside meadows surrounding Lake Mendocino in California. As the botanical name suggests, the flowers are two-toned – blue and white. The plant is native from California to British Columbia and reaches a height of a foot or less. It also serves as a host plant for many types of butterflies and apparently is a favorite of the Arrowhead Blue butterfly.

Salmonberry

Rubus spectabilis – Salmonberry

I first noticed this plant last week during our slow ascent up the Pacific Northwest coast from Northern California. We pulled into the Lewis and Clark National Historic Site in Astoria, OR to take a short break from driving before continuing on to our overnight camping location. (More to come on Lewis and Clark in another blog! Thanks Kurt for clueing me in to this awesome gem!) Along the hiking trail here, there was an interpretive display that talked about salmonberry and its importance.

A few days later while walking in the woods in Washington State near the Puget Sound, I noticed the same plant starting to leaf out and bloom. Such pretty delicate pink flowers! Salmonberry has a very limited range and is found from Southern Alaska to Northern California mainly on the western side of the Cascade Mountains. The salmonberry has a raspberry-like fruit and was an important food source for native Americans. Native Americans also used the tender young shoots as a food source and processed the bark for medicinal purposes.

It is a bright spot of color in the Pacific Northwest woods right now! ๐Ÿ™‚

PS – I will be doing short one or two photo posts right now until I get better connectivity. Then, I will take up where I left off deep in the state of Arizona! ๐Ÿ™‚

Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument Part 2

Along the trail in the Ajo Mountains area of Organ Pipe Cactus NM

As I sit here in a very damp, cool national forest campground along the Oregon coast, I’m thinking back to the sunny, warm desert! I decided to continue on with my recap of our Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument visit in January while waiting for the clouds to disperse!

On our third day in the far southwest Sonoran Desert, we decided to complete the 21-mile Ajo Mountain Drive – stopping along the way for two hikes. This picturesque road trip is a must-do while exploring the park even if you don’t plan on completing any of the hiking trails accessed along this road. The mostly one-way road winds through the Diablo Mountains (love that name!), along the foothills of the Ajo Mountain Range and offers up stunning views of the Sonoran Desert valley. I highly recommend stopping off at the Kris Eggle Visitor Center right across the road from the Ajo Mountain Drive and picking up a paper copy of the Ajo Mountain Drive Guide (or downloading the PDF version to your phone). Using the guide, read about each of the marked stops along the way. Highly informative!

Some of the vegetation on the desert floor along this route includes both Chain Link and Teddy Bear Cholla, Ocotillo, Palo Verde, Creosote Bush, Saguaro, Organ Pipe and Prickly Pear Cacti.

Peeking through the creosote bush!!
A wash winding through the vegetation…

Our first short hike for the day started at the Arch Canyon Trail parking lot. From there, it’s a relatively easy 2.0 mile roundtrip hike that ends below the arches visible from the trail. For those adventurous types, there is an unofficial rock scramble that will take you right up to the arch and is a bit more strenuous. We hiked a short distance up this social trail but turned around at one point and returned to the parking area – it would take too long to do and we had another hike on our agenda further down the road!

The trail climbs slowly into Arch Canyon and, with the increase in elevation, some different plant species are evident in this higher elevation ecosystem – the evergreen jojoba shrub and agave.

Trail climbing into the canyon with views of the arch
Agave plant – an important plant to the native American population who inhabited this area
Rare photo of me on the trail!

The reddish-brown rock that dominates the Ajo Range is a volcanic rock called rhyolite. Apparently, it’s a type of molten lava that cools very quickly and is a characteristic of shorter mountain ranges such as the Ajo Range.

Arch Canyon area

It was fascinating to learn of the jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) plant’s unique adaptation that enables it to thrive in this desert environment. Jojoba leaves face their edges toward the mid-day sun allowing the plant to conserve water by decreasing evaporation. You can see this in the image below. Also of interest, jojoba oil is a commercial skin care product manufactured from the waxy oil in the jojoba seed and is prized for its antioxidant properties!

Simmondsia chinensis – Jojoba

Just beyond this sign marks the end of the maintained trail in Arch Canyon. Every trail in the park also has cautionary signs regarding the possibility of encountering illegal immigrants. While that may seem intimidating, we never felt unsafe in the park and I imagine any encounter would be extremely rare.

Jim on the trail!

Our next lengthy stop was at the trailhead for the Estes Canyon/Bull Pasture hiking access. We chose to combine the two trails into one 5-mile loop. We started on the Estes Canyon Trail following a clockwise direction and joined the Bull Pasture Trail for the steep ascent up to Bull Pasture overlook. The Estes Canyon section is a more moderate hike along several washes. Once you hit the junction with the Bull Pasture trail, get ready for a hear-pumping climb as the hike becomes more strenuous with numerous switchbacks. The view at the top is worth the effort!

Great example of an Organ Pipe Cactus

Some plant species along the way included Brittlebush (Encelia farinosa), Hedgehog cactus and more agave. Native Americans such as the Tohono O’odham made use of many desert plants for their survival. Agave species were an important source of food, a sweet syrupy drink and some were harvested for a sisal-type fiber used to make baskets and rope.

Brittlebush – common in the Sonoran Desert with sunflower yellow flowers in the spring
Another type of hedgehog cactus
Agave americana – Century plant

When we reached the junction of the Estes Canyon and Bull Pasture trails, we started our steep climb. The landscape was breathtaking!

As we were climbing and negotiating the switchbacks, I kept looking backwards towards the view down the canyon. In the distance on the desert floor, the wash we hiked as part of the Estes Canyon trail is visible winding through the canyon.

According to historical documentation, the Hokoham and Tohono O’odham people chose canyons like Estes Canyon for their winter homes. Water was more abundant in the higher elevations as well as mammals for hunting. Rounding a corner in the trail, I was fascinated with this old juniper growing out of the side of the rock face. What character it has!

As we neared the high point in the trail, the sky was starting to show off its late afternoon colors! And we realized it was time to head back down the trail as sunset was fast approaching.

Looking out over the valley from the top near Bull Pasture

We followed the Bull Pasture Trail all the way down to the parking area. On the descent we were treated with some awesome views. I was particularly struck by this palo verde tree that seemed to be suspended in the air it was that close to the edge of the cliff!

I learned an interesting fact about the palo verde tree. Along with mesquite and creosote bush, it acts as a “nurse” plant for saguaro seedlings – protecting them the harsh desert sun and fertilizing them – until they can survive on their own. Of course, once the saguaro takes hold it often overpowers its nurse tree. This is why one often sees dead or dying trees near mature saguaro cacti!

Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument Adventure

Sonoran Desert of Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument

From the Davis Mountains State Park in Texas, we drove two full days to arrive for a brief stopover at the Escapees Saguaro Co-op Campground in Benson, AZ. Our one-night stopover at the Las Cruces Overlook Rest Area was restful and surprisingly quiet! We met a family of five who were pulled in next to us for the night. They were enjoying their first month of full-timing RV-ing and heading east towards the Gulf Coast beaches. The rest area is known for the giant roadrunner sculpture that stands overlooking the city below. It is also monitored 24/7 by a security company so we felt perfectly safe here for the night!

The Saguaro SKP Co-op is a member-only long-term RV park and since it does not take reservations for those hoping to garner a spot while passing through the area, we had to take our chances on getting a site. We always have the option of boondocking but were hoping for some hook-ups. It’s one of a favorite Escapees parks and a great place to chill for a few days and get caught up on laundry, shopping and just plain rest and relaxation. On this trip, we secured a spot with full hook-ups which added to our experience! It was a member-owned lot that was available for nightly rental while the owners were away. The space was also at the end of a street which added to experience!

Camping spot at Saguaro SKP park

From Benson, it is a short hop down to the Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument and we arrived early in the day to set up camp. The Twin Peaks Campground is located deep into the monument and I was able to reserve a spot for 7 days. Organ Pipe has been on my bucket list for many years and I was so excited to finally be here! We found the campground to be one of the nicest national parks campgrounds we’ve ever seen with beautiful, paved, pull-through sites and plenty of vegetation between sites to allow for maximum privacy. There are no hook-ups here but it’s easy to rely mostly on our solar panels when in the desert! To give you an idea of the thick vegetation in the campground, the photograph below was taken from our campsite! Our first night in the park we experienced the first of many brilliant sunsets!

On our first full day in the park, we biked the 2 miles from the campground to the visitor center so we could get some maps of the park – as well as securing my passport stamp and national park patch!! There is a short nature trail adjacent to the visitor center and I managed to capture this little fellow in one of the cactus plants:

Cactus Wren in Chainlink Cholla

Unfortunately, the interpretive display in the visitor center was closed due to Covid so we did not get to see it but the rangers who were set up at an outside table were extremely helpful in answering any questions we had about the park. To avoid any truck travel on our first day, we decided to hike the Victoria Mine Trail which has its starting point right at the campground. It’s a 5-mile out and back hike that winds through the “green desert” and passes by the site of the old Victoria Mine.

The park was established in 1937 as a national monument but prior to this area getting the protective status of a national monument, there were an abundance of ranches and mining operations in the area. The Victoria Mine is one of the oldest silver mines in SW Arizona. It operated sporadically until 1976 when the designation of the national monument to wilderness status ceased all special use permits for mining.

Heading onto the trail
Ravens always fascinate us!
Victoria Mine Trail winding through the desert

The Sonoran Desert is rich with a diversity of vegetation – from Saguaro cactus and Organ Pipe Cactus to Palo Verde trees and Creosote Bush to several species of Cholla. This area is known as the “green desert” and I can certainly see why! I learned there are two distinct Sonoran desert communities within the national monument – the Lower Colorado Valley and the Arizona Upland communities – each with their own unique characteristics.

The multi-stemmed trunks of an Organ Pipe Cactus in the foreground
Saguaro skeleton!

The site of the Victoria Mine has several distinguishing features – including stone ruins, abandoned mine shafts and artifacts strewn across the landscape.

Ruins of an old store at the property
View through the ruins

There are numerous mine shafts in the area that have been barricaded off to prevent accidents and also to protect a bat population!

Mine Shaft barricade

I was surprised to learn that bats use the mine shafts as outlined on this informational sign at the site. Although I do believe that maybe the sign could use some updating! It was one of several signs and the only one that was legible.

Jim trying to see how deep the shaft is!

There was an informative sign that explained some of the geology behind the exposure of veins of gold and silver in the area. Fascinating!

In addition to the stone ruins and mine shafts, there were lots of artifacts littering the ground – from piles of old tin cans to pieces of left-over equipment.

Walking along the trail, we found lots of green rock and wondered what it was – some sort of volcanic rock?

Green rock?? Anyone know what it is?

And of course I never tire of finding cool cacti to photograph!! Some sort of barrel cactus, type of hedgehog cactus and chain link cholla below.

Watch out for those spines!!

A fun day on the Victoria Mine Trail. Along the way, we saw cactus wrens, Gambel’s quail, Gila woodpeckers and a whole bunch of lizards!

Stay tuned for more Organ Pipe Cactus NM adventures!! Next up will be our 21-mile drive on the Ajo Mountain Drive with a couple of cool hikes along the way!

Davis Mountain State Park

Davis Mountains foothills

After leaving Big Bend National Park, we decided to stop over at the Davis Mountains State Park in Fort Davis, Texas before heading west towards Arizona. We love this state park and the surrounding area. It’s a great place to hang out for a couple of days after boon-docking in Big Bend. We can connect to shore power and re-stock supplies and it’s an easy 3-hour, 140 mile trek from Big Bend.

Since this was an abbreviated visit this year, we only stayed for a couple of days and I accomplished one solo major hike while here. The reason for the solo hike was that my husband decided he needed to do some maintenance on the truck while parked here. He wanted to get the oil changed before proceeding with our journey. We visited the fuel station in Fort Davis to see if they could do this quick service but he was booked solid. He did sell us the necessary supplies and Jim decided to do this at the campsite. Now, I’m sure that changing your oil at a campsite here is probably discouraged (if not prohibited) and, while I knew that my husband is extremely careful, I did not want to be around while he was doing it! So, I chose a long hike and proceeded on my way!

The Skyline Drive Trail is a 5.2-mile round-trip hike that takes you to the top of the hill overlooking Fort Davis and the surrounding valley. I had not completed this hike in our previous visit to this park so it was fun to explore a new trail. It was a beautiful, clear blue sky day and the temperatures were moderate albeit a tad windy!

Lower section of the Skyline Drive Trail
Along the trail

There are a series of switchbacks that take you up the steepest section of the trail. At one point, a trail sign was damaged and pointed in the wrong direction. I took the wrong trail at this point but it still brought me out in the same place at the top of the hill. I discovered this when descending back down the trail! Once on the ridge, there are a couple of great overlooks that look down onto Keesey Canyon and towards the Davis Mountains.

Looking down on Indian Lodge

Indian Lodge is an historic, full-service hotel located within Davis Mountain State Park. The original section of the adobe structure was built by the Civilian Conservation Corps in the 1930’s. Renovations and additions were made to the lodge in the 1960’s. More information can be found here and also here. So, if you are not a camping enthusiast you can still enjoy the area in absolute pampered comfort!!

McDonald Observatory

From the overlook on the ridge, the McDonald Observatory is also visible. On our last visit, we signed up for a night sky astronomy program at the observatory. I highly recommend visiting this observatory that is connected to the University of Texas at Austin. The observatory is positioned on two mountain summits – Mount Locke and Mount Fowlkes – where it can take advantage of some of the darkest skies in the country! Visit their website for more information on signing up for one of their year-round programs and brief “about” page describing its telescopes and mission.

I took advantage of the elevation on the ridge where I could pick up a cell signal and connect with family. Near the top of the trail is a picnic area located off the Skyline Drive car access road. I sat down to eat my snack and called mom to get caught up with her after being without cell service in Big Bend. It was a very relaxing hike with minimal pedestrian traffic on the trail. Some of the views at the top and descending:

Looking down into the valley below

The sun was starting to disappear behind the hills on my descent back to the campground. The colors of the grasses were lit up with the late afternoon light.

The grasses along the trail were just beautiful!

I highly recommend visiting Fort Davis and the Davis Mountains. We have easily spent an entire week here exploring the park and surrounding attractions. The Fort Davis National Historic Site is adjacent to the state park and provides a fascinating look into frontier life in this area. You can walk to the site from the state park. Another worthwhile side trip, the Chihuahuan Desert Nature Center is a short drive from Fort Davis and offers a comprehensive guide to the diversity of the desert environment. Check out the visitor center, botanical gardens and museum here!

The town of Alpine has lots of shopping and a university museum called the Museum of the Big Bend. The mission statement of the museum: “The Mission of the Museum of the Big Bend, a Department of Sul Ross State University, is to serve and educate the public by collecting, preserving, exhibiting and interpreting the cultural, historic and natural materials that relate to the prehistory, history and cultural diversity of the Big Bend region of Texas and Mexico.” This will be added to my to-do list on our next visit!!

For those adventurous types, a trip to this area is not complete without a stop at the Marfa Lights exhibit. On our last trip here, we spent the night at the Marfa Lights parking area. We did not see any unusual phenomena but it was still fun!!

One final note! I need to put a plug in for the awesomeness of small town public libraries. Since there is no cell service in the state park, I visited the Jeff Davis County Library in Fort Davis to use their free internet access. Libraries are by far the best resource for internet access while traveling on the road. (and I’m not just saying that as a former librarian!) The staff was friendly and welcoming. I also seek out libraries when I’m in need of new reading material. While checking out books is not an option since I’m on the move, libraries often have on-going book sales and it’s possible to pick up cheap, discarded books! I perused the selection on the library book sale table and was able to purchase some great reads for 1.00 each!!

Big Bend Revisited II

The varying shades of Big Bend National Park along Old Maverick Road

Day 3

On Day 3 of our brief visit, we decided to do a short hike into Tuff Canyon and then head into the town of Study Butte for fuel and groceries.

Tuff Canyon Trail is a short walk down into the canyon formed by the Blue Creek as it fought its way down to the Rio Grande River from the Chisos Mountains. Once you complete the short descent into the canyon, it’s a nice walk along the gravelly river bed floor up towards the “beginning” of the canyon. Formed through volcanic action many years ago, the canyon’s rock dates back to 29 million years ago. Tuff is volcanic ash that has hardened into rock and is light in color – hence the almost “white” hue to some layers of the canyon walls. It’s interesting to note the texture of the “tuff.” Embedded in the tuff are harder rocks that gives it a “concrete-like” appearance with pebbles and small rock mixed into it. We noticed holes in the surface of the canyon walls and wondered how they were formed. I read that the tuff erodes easily and allows the small rocks to fall out of the wall leaving a hole in the wall!

Tuff Canyon
Gravelly creek bed
Found a pool of water in a bowl-shaped depression of the canyon!
Creosote bush blooming in the canyon micro-climate
Loved the way this mesquite tree was growing and reaching out toward the light!
Great canyon stroll!

After leaving Tuff Canyon, we drove to the west entrance of the park and on towards Study Butte. While this is a very small community, it does have an awesome little grocery store! We discovered this on our last visit to the area. The Cottonwood General Store sells a little bit of everything – from food to garden supplies. Their food selection is incredible for such a small town with lots of organic choices and prices that are very reasonable for its size. For a few items, it sure beats the 80-mile trip to Alpine!

After taking care of our chores in Study Butte and on our way back to the campsite, we decided to drive the Old Maverick Road. This is a 14-mile stretch of dirt road running from the western gate of Big Bend to Santa Elena Canyon through the “Terlingua Creek badlands.” Designated as an “improved” road, it is said to be passable by most vehicles except in rainy weather and can be very washboarded. We talked with someone prior to embarking on the drive who indicated it took them about an hour. We must have driven much slower due to the conditions than this person as it took us close to two hours!! While I’m glad we included this on our to-do list, never again!! It was more heavily trafficked than I anticipated and very dusty!! We even passed by an unfortunate soul who was changing a flat tire after picking up a sharp rock in one of the creek beds where the road passes through at times. We kept our fingers crossed that we did not succumb to this undesirable fate!

Terlingua Creek Badlands
Dust from other vehicles picking up the late afternoon sun glow

We arrived back at our campsite just as the sun was setting – thankful that our bumpy ride on the Old Maverick Road did not vibrate loose anything important to the operation of the truck!

Day 4

Our last full day in the park I scheduled a hike on the Dodson Trail. One access point for this trail is at the Homer Wilson Ranch on the Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive in the western part of the park. We have visited the historic ranch site on previous trips but had not hiked any of the trail leaving from this point.

The Dodson Trail is part of the rigorous Outer Mountain Loop trail network – a popular route for backpackers. The trail itself is 10-miles long. We did an out and back hike that ended up being approximately 5 miles. There are parts of the trail where rock cairns are used to mark the trail through a wash which can be difficult to follow – just be aware!

Homer Wilson Ranch house
From another view

The Dodson Trail starts near the ranch house which is accessed via a short hiking trail from the small parking lot on the Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive. This ranch house was part of a large ranching operation owned by Homer Wilson and was significant in bringing development to the area back in the day. It was operating until the early 1940’s when the land was deeded to the State of Texas when the land was acquired for establishing a park. The house above was occupied by a foreman who worked for the ranch. It is one of the few ranch structures remaining after the park was established and is on the National Register for Historic Places.

Heading out…..
Start of the Dodson Trail
Sotol – Dasylirion wheeleri

This area of the park is abundant with the Common Sotol plant – also referred to as Desert Spoon and Desert Candle. The leaves of this plant have traditionally been used to make baskets, mats, ropes and paper. The native population also prepared an alcoholic beverage from the flower heads.

Found this nest in one of the sotol plants. I think perhaps it is a cactus wren nest given how it seems to match the description of their nest type and shape.

Bird’s nest in a creosote bush
Another adorable rainbow cactus!

The colors of the topography along the trail were amazing! A geologist’s paradise!

Jim admiring the scenery
Abundance of rock colors in the washes along the trail
The clouds were extremely impressive on this day
Just look at those clouds – ever changing!
Seedpods on a Creosote Bush – they look so soft!!
Strawberry Hedgehog Cactus

After we returned to the campground, I walked down to an access trail leading to the Rio Grande River. It runs alongside the campground but is not very visible due to plant growth. I was so surprised by how “small” the river is right here. The opposite bank is Mexico – you can literally throw a stone across to the other side.

Rio Grande River near Cottonwood Campground – downriver view
Rio Grande River – upriver view

That night, our last in Big Bend, we were rewarded with an incredibly colorful sunset!! The sky was on fire!

It was sad to leave Big Bend but I was excitedly looking forward to our next big stop – a place that has been on my bucket list for a few years – Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument in Southern Arizona. But, I’m getting ahead of myself! We made a quick stop at Davis Mountain State Park before heading west……

Big Bend National Park Revisited

Early morning view of Cerro Castellan

Big Bend National Park is quite possibly our all-time favorite national park. We’ve visited the park several times over the years and our last visit at the beginning of January 2022 re-ignited our love of this breathtaking area.

Many things have changed since our last visit in 2017. Over the past several years, the National Park Service has revised some of its policies regarding camping. It has become increasingly difficult to travel without reservations. (A mode of travel we prefer due to the flexibility it offers) We liked the fact that Big Bend NP used to offer first come/first serve options for camping – both in organized campgrounds and in dispersed camping. Unfortunately, one can no longer travel to Big Bend without reservations if you plan on camping. It used to be one could not reserve dispersed camping sites in advance. Now you have to reserve them up to 6 months in advance! We prefer the dispersed camping in Big Bend but when we arrived without reservations for this visit all of the sites that would accommodate us were taken. I was lucky to find a “cancellation” in Cottonwood Campground while searching online several days before our anticipated arrival. I grabbed this spot for several nights.

The park has also seen an increase in visitation over the past several years (like all national parks). What was once a hidden gem is no longer. ๐Ÿ˜ฆ For this reason, we opted to focus our adventures in the western, desert section of the park near our camping spot at Cottonwood Campground. It meant less traveling in the truck and more time on the trail with less people vying for trailhead parking spaces!

Day 1

We arrived at Cottonwood Campground in the early afternoon and set up camp. Since our stay here in 2017, they have done some major maintenance in this campground – leveling up sites and taking down old, hazardous cottonwood trees. We were sad to learn of a disastrous fire that engulfed the area in May of 2019. Some of the historic buildings (including the one that housed the visitor center) in the Castelon Historic District were destroyed along with over 900 acres of surrounding land. We also learned that in May of 2021, the South Rim Fire engulfed nearly 1,300 acres of forest in the beautiful Chisos Basin area. Although sad to think about the destruction it caused, rangers noted the importance of fire to the ecology of the natural landscape and the assurance that the forest will bounce back and thrive.

Cottonwood Campground

Cottonwood Campground is a small out of the way spot and much quieter than the other two campgrounds in the park. The sites generally do not accommodate large RV’s and it is dry camping with no dump station nearby. There are pit toilets and a fresh water source for filling up gallon jugs. We always arrive with a full tank of fresh water and empty gray and black water tanks!

Great Horned Owl

As we were setting up camp, one of the camp hosts insisted we come with her to see the “resident” Great-horned Owl that was perched in one of the cottonwood trees in the campground!

After we were settled in, we had time for the short drive down to Santa Elena Canyon. It was fairly busy and since we did not have water shoes with us to cross over and hike the short trail into the canyon, we just bushwhacked along the wash for a spell to stretch our travel-weary legs and headed back home to our site. We developed a plan to come back for the sunrise in the morning.

late afternoon glimpse of Santa Elena Canyon
Hiking along the wash near the canyon
View of Cerro Castellan from our campsite!

Day 2

Last night I decided to get up in the pre-dawn hours and attempt some “star” photography. My camera lens is not really fast enough to get clear, crisp photographs of the night sky but I like to practice anyway! The sun was just starting to rise on the horizon when I went outside but the stars were still very bright.

Glow from the Airstream!
Silhouettes during the blue hour
Sunrise is coming!!

I wanted to get over to the Santa Elena Canyon Overlook before sunrise, so we brewed a quick cup of coffee, grabbed some breakfast biscuits and headed out for the 8-mile drive to the overlook. We were the only ones there so I had my pick of spots to set up the tripod. It was amazing to watch the changing light on the canyon as the sun rose in the sky.

Early morning light display on Santa Elena Canyon

On our way back to the campground after sunrise, I wanted to stop at the Dorgan House trailhead to take some pictures. Before we reached the trail, we passed by some cattle crossing the road! What!! Cattle grazing in a national park?? I was shocked that this was happening. We found out later from the camp hosts that these are renegade cows who crossed the border illegally from Mexico! Every now and then, the Mexican ranchers come over and retrieve them while the park rangers look the other way! ๐Ÿ™‚

Opportunists!

At the ruins near the beginning of the Dorgan House Trail, I sought to capture the early morning light as it was settling over the desert. It is such a magical time of the day!

View through the ruins

Our morning romp in the Santa Elena Canyon area proved to be the start of a very busy day! We fixed ourselves a more sustainable breakfast back at camp and headed out to hike the Mule Ears Trail. Here’s a link to a short description of this trail as well as many other popular Big Bend NP hikes. We have hiked this trail on previous visits but today I wanted to extend the hike by hooking up with the Smokey Creek Trail that intersects the Mule Ears Trail. It was an out and back 5+ mile hike.

In the parking lot at the Mule Ears Overlook, we met a gentleman who was gearing up to do a multiple night camping trip in the back country. He told us his nickname was “Fonzie”! (as in the Henry Winkler TV personality) He then added that his real name is Christopher Reeves. “Really!”, he said! He has been backpacking in Big Bend NP for over 25 years and gave us a ton of information on the process involved in securing a permit. He was a very entertaining conversationalist! He obviously is enamored with the park. I loved his comment about how he gauges whether someone is deserving of his friendship. He takes new acquaintances backcountry camping in Big Bend and, if they are not completely enthusiastic with the experience, he deems them unworthy of his friendship and time! Not a bad litmus test I suppose! ๐Ÿ™‚

We mentioned that we were going to hike a portion of the Smokey Creek Trail so he said he would show us one of his favorite backcountry camping spots. It meant we had to hike all the way to the high point of the trail before it descends down into the valley below. We committed to hiking that far. He would probably pass us on the trail but would take a break and wait for us near the camping spot.

The Chihuahuan Desert is one of four major desert regions in the United States. Each desert region is unique with regard to both flora and fauna. The Chihuahuan Desert is considered to be one of the most diverse deserts in this area of the world. The park service has a great, succinct description of the special place. It’s no wonder I find this park so incredibly fascinating!

As we started our hike, I was enthusiastic about familiarizing myself with the southwest flora. On our hike, I paid special attention to the plant material we encountered along the way!

This sweet little cactus was growing all along the trail. The multi-color stems of this tiny cactus are what gives this cactus its name – Texas Rainbow Cactus.

Texas Rainbow Cactus – Echinocereus dasyacanthus

The light was catching the cream-colored spines of this hedgehog cactus creating a glow I could not resist photographing! I believe this is a Strawberry Hedgehog Cactus. There are a few related species but this one is listed as common across the lower desert elevations. I’ve included two possible species for this plant but I believe it is the “stramineus.”

Echinocereus stramineus or enneacanthus – Strawberry hedgehog cactus
The Mule Ears rock formation in the background

There are close to sixteen species of Opuntia (Prickly Pear cactus) in the Big Bend ecosystem. They can be hard to identify due to extensive natural hybridization. Prickly Pear are a common nesting site for both Cactus Wrens and Curve-billed Thrashers. The cactus wren nest is a football-shaped nest with entrances on both sides – easily distinguished from the thrasher nest which is more bowl-shaped.

Cactus Wren nest – I believe due to the shape – in Prickly Pear

Among the many other plant species I re-discovered are the creosote bush, lechuguilla, mesquite and ocotillo.

The diversity of plant material along the trail!

At about the time when I thought we should be approaching the furthest point of our hike, we found Fonzie waiting for us along the trail enjoying the scenery. He escorted us to his favorite backpacking campsite that was just up and over a small hill rendering it invisible from the trail. Can you imagine what it would be like viewing the sunrise or sunset from here??!! Or, star-gazing late at night? This destination for an overnight has been added to my bucket list! ๐Ÿ™‚

View from the hidden campsite looking down to the valley below.
The backcountry campsite is off to the right of the trail – beautiful spot!

After meeting up with Fonzie, he continued on into the valley to look for a camping spot and we reversed course and headed back to Mule Ear’s Overlook parking area. Along the way, we took the short detour to the Mule Ear’s Spring.

The Mule Ears Spring is a tiny oasis in the desert. These bright green maidenhair ferns were growing along the spring and rock walls surrounding the area.

As we were investigating the spring, we noticed these tiny green frogs all over the place! I think these may be Rio Grande Leopard Frogs – Rana berlandieri. They are listed as common in Big Bend from the Rio Grande River to the mountain foothill springs.

Lots of green, spotted frogs at the spring!

There was an interesting shrub growing near the spring with these orange seed pods. The species is Guaiacum angustifolium – Texas Lignum-vitae or Soapbush.

Guaiacum angustifolium – Texas Lignum-vitae

On the trail back to the parking area, the Christmas Cholla was showing off it’s red fruit and a “grove” of lechuguilla was growing among the volcanic rock.

Opuntia leptocaulis – desert Christmas cholla
Lechuguilla
Volcanic rock along the trail – very colorful!

After our hike, we headed back to the campground for dinner and got ready for our final activity of the day – taking star shots at a desert overlook near Santa Elena Canyon. Even though, as I mentioned before, my lens is not really fast enough for great night photography, I keep practicing with the settings and editing of night photographs. Someday I will take the plunge and spend the $$ for a faster, wide-angle lens.

Silhouettes of Ocotillo

Day 3 and Day 4 will be on the next post!! We are visiting our son in California right now and have access to high-speed internet so hopefully I can get caught up on our adventures while I’m here before starting the next leg of our journey!

New Desert Plant

Chuparosa – Justicia californica

We were walking out in the desert in KOFA National Wildlife Refuge the other day – winding our way through one of the many washes. A spot of bright red color caught my eye. I was thrilled to find this delicate little flower on a shrub unknown to me. When I looked up the name for this small beauty, I found it to be a shrub that thrives in the southern Arizona desert and a favorite nectar stop for hummingbirds. Cool! ๐Ÿ™‚

Desert Art

Tiny little cactus hugging a rock

There’s not much blooming in the Arizona desert right now so my focus has been on other interesting objects in the landscape – from dead plants to human debris.

Love the texture of this old, dead desert ironwood tree

In some areas of the KOFA National Wildlife Refuge, the ocotillo is bursting out in leaf. The bright green color can be seen from a distance. Up close and personal, the cool striations on the branches really show up and the delicate leaves sprouting near the thorns amaze me!!

Ocotillo never disappoints me!

We hiked back into the desert from our campsite and found this natural arch. After winding around and up and down several washes, we were able to climb up close!

Natural arch carved by weather over time
Saguaro cactus skeleton

There’s something very appealing about the skeletons that form from the dying Saguaro cacti!

The skeleton on this Saguaro is just starting to become evident
Another dead tree with lots of character!
Patterns of Beavertail Prickly Pear

We took a drive back to the old King of Arizona mine – an 36-mile round trip on dirt, wash-boarding roads. Of course, we humans love to leave evidence of our existence!

Iron springs, anyone?
I do believe miners lived on canned food!